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Tron (cryptocurrency)

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TRON
TRON-logo-EN-vertical.svg
TRON logo
Ticker symbolTRX
Development
Original author(s)Justin Sun
White paperTron: Advanced Decentralized Blockchain Platform
Implementation(s)GitHub
Initial release2017
Written inJava
Valuation
Exchange rate0.072942 (June 2021)
Market cap5.227B (June 2021)

TRON is a Blockchain with on a cryptocurrency native to the system, known as TRX.[citation needed] Justin Sun founded the cryptocurrency in 2017.

History[edit]

TRON was founded by Justin Sun in 2017. [1] TRON Foundation raised $70 million in 2017 through an initial coin offering shortly before China outlawed the digital tokens.[2]

The white paper of TRON was accused of plagiarism.[3] Researchers from Digital Asset Research (DAR) discovered multiple instances of code copied from other projects in the Tron code base. It is also accused of violating the GNU Lesser General Public License v3.0 (LGPL) because the project does not mention that its client was derived from EthereumJ, a Java implementation of Ethereum. These accusations were denied by the TRON Foundation, the organization behind the design of the system.[4]

In 2018, TRON switched its protocol from an ERC-20 token on top of Ethereum to an independent peer-to-peer network.[citation needed] On 25 July 2018, the TRON Foundation announced it had finished the acquisition of Bittorrent, the biggest peer-to-peer file sharing network.[5] Upon this acquisition, in August 2018, BitTorrent Founder Bram Cohen also disclosed that he was leaving the company to found Chia, an alternative to bitcoin created to be a less energy-intensive cryptocurrency.[6]

By January 2019, TRON had a total market cap of about $1.6 billion.[7] Despite this market performance, some authors viewed TRON as a typical case of the complex and disordered nature of cryptocurrencies.[8][9] In February 2019, after being acquired by Tron Foundation, BitTorrent started its own token sale based on the TRON network.[10][11]

In May, 2019, the cyber-security testing service HackerOne revealed[12] that just one computer could have brought TRON’s entire blockchain to a halt.[13] The revelation showed that a barrage of requests sent by a single PC could be used to squeeze the power of the blockchain's CPU, overload the memory, and perform a distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack.[14]

Architecture[edit]

The TRON protocol, maintained primarily by the TRON Foundation, distributes computing resources equally among TRX holders with internal pricing mechanisms such as bandwidth and energy.[15] TRON provides a decentralized virtual machine, which can execute a program using an international network of public nodes. The network has zero transaction fees and conducts approximately 2,000 transactions per second.[16][17][additional citation(s) needed][verification needed]

The implementations of TRON require minimal transaction fees in order to prevent malicious users from performing DDoS attacks for free. In this respect, EOS.IO and TRON are quite similar, due to the negligible fees, high transactions per second, and high reliability, and as such are regarded as a new generation of blockchain systems.[18] Some researchers[who?] defined TRON as an Ethereum clone, with no fundamental differences.[19] The transactions per second rate on Tron's blockchain was questioned because it was far below its theoretical claim.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mohamed, Theron. "Justin Sun postponed a $4.6 million lunch with Warren Buffett, plowed $10 million into GameStop stock, and lost out on a $69 million NFT. Here's a look at the crypto whiz kid". Business Insider. Insider. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  2. ^ Lee, Amanda (2018-07-31). "This coin issuer is all cashed up amid China's ban, but is it all hype?". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 2018-08-01. Retrieved 2019-08-26.
  3. ^ Brown, Mike. "Is Tron Plagiarized? White Paper Controversy Hits Cryptocurrency". Inverse. Archived from the original on 2018-02-16. Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  4. ^ Bailey, Jonathan (2018-02-01). "The Multi-Billion Dollar Plagiarism Scandal". Plagiarism Today. Archived from the original on 2019-09-01. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
  5. ^ Heater, Brian (2017-07-24). "Blockchain startup Tron closes BitTorrent acquisition". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on 2019-08-20. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  6. ^ Beedham, Matthew (2018-08-20). "BitTorrent inventor walks away after TRON acquisition". Hard Fork | The Next Web. Archived from the original on 2018-08-20. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  7. ^ "The Hottest Cryptocurrency, Tron, Rekindles Memories of the Bitcoin Bubble". www.bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on 2019-02-08. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
  8. ^ Stosic, Darko; Stosic, Dusan; Ludermir, Teresa B.; Stosic, Tatijana (2019-07-01). "Exploring disorder and complexity in the cryptocurrency space". Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and Its Applications. 525: 548–556. Bibcode:2019PhyA..525..548S. doi:10.1016/j.physa.2019.03.091. ISSN 0378-4371.
  9. ^ Poyser, Obryan (2018-06-29). "Herding behavior in cryptocurrency markets". arXiv:1806.11348v2 [q-fin.ST].
  10. ^ Clark, Bryan (2019-01-03). "BitTorrent just launched a TRON-based cryptocurrency token". Hard Fork | The Next Web. Archived from the original on 2019-01-03. Retrieved 2019-08-26.
  11. ^ "BitTorrent unveils cryptocurrency so users can pay for faster download times". VentureBeat. 2019-01-03. Archived from the original on 2019-01-03. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
  12. ^ "Tron Foundation disclosed on HackerOne: DOS attack by consuming all..." HackerOne. Archived from the original on 2019-05-06. Retrieved 2019-08-31.
  13. ^ Canellis, David (2019-05-06). "TRON suffered from a critical bug that could've crashed its entire blockchain". Hard Fork | The Next Web. Archived from the original on 2019-05-06. Retrieved 2019-08-31.
  14. ^ Osborne, Charlie. "TRON critical security flaw could break the entire blockchain". ZDNet. Archived from the original on 2019-05-08. Retrieved 2019-08-31.
  15. ^ Dimaz Ankaa Wijaya, Joseph Liu, Ron Steinfeld, Dongxi Liu, and Limerlina, 'Senarai: A Sustainable Public Blockchain-Based Permanent Storage Protocol', in Cryptology and Network Security 18th International Conference, CANS 2019, Fuzhou, China, October 25–27, 2019, Proceedings, ed. by Yi Mu, Robert Deng, Xinyi Huang (Springer, 2019), pp. 235-46.
  16. ^ "Virtual Machine Introduction". TRON Developer Hub. September 2020. Archived from the original on 24 November 2020. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  17. ^ "All Hype? Tron (TRX) Says Its New Network Has Reached 2,000 Transactions Per Second". The Daily Hodl. 4 June 2018. Archived from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  18. ^ Valdeolmillos, Diego; Mezquita, Yeray; González-Briones, Alfonso; Prieto, Javier; Corchado, Juan Manuel (2020). Prieto, Javier; Das, Ashok Kumar; Ferretti, Stefano; Pinto, António; Corchado, Juan Manuel (eds.). "Blockchain Technology: A Review of the Current Challenges of Cryptocurrency". Blockchain and Applications. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing. 1010: 153–160. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-23813-1_19. ISBN 9783030238131.
  19. ^ Borkowski, Michael; Sigwart, Marten; Frauenthaler, Philipp; Hukkinen, Taneli; Schulte, Stefan (2019). "Dextt: Deterministic Cross-Blockchain Token Transfers". IEEE Access. 7: 111030–111042. arXiv:1905.06204. doi:10.1109/access.2019.2934707. ISSN 2169-3536.
  20. ^ Li, Huawei; Li, Zhihuai; Tian, Na (2020). Liu, Yong; Wang, Lipo; Zhao, Liang; Yu, Zhengtao (eds.). "Resource Bottleneck Analysis of the Blockchain Based on Tron's TPS". Advances in Natural Computation, Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing. 1075: 944–950. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-32591-6_103. ISBN 978-3-030-32591-6.